The treatment principles of Ayurveda not only cure the diseases but also enhance the mental as well as physical strength of the body and mind by treating the physical, mental, social and spiritual aspects of the individual. Ayurveda being the science of life and complete holistic health being its ultimate goal makes Ayurveda totally unique in itself. For ages, these principles of Ayurveda are constantly delivering the holistic benefits of complete health to the several generations of the mankind. The present form of Ayurveda is the outcome of continued scientific inputs that have gone into the evolution of its principles, theories and guidelines of healthy living and disease management. According to Ayurveda, diseases are the reason for sadness or misery and health is the reason for happiness or delight. Therefore one should always try to follow the rules and principles of Ayurveda in his / her life to be disease-free and be healthy.
The basic theory of Ayurveda revolves around Tridosha, Tri means Three and Doshas means Humours. These are:
- Vata accounts for air and all the different movements in the body.
- Pitta accounts for fire and all the metabolism, digestion in the body.
- Kapha accounts for water and all the mucous contents of the body.
According to the principles of Ayurveda, the attainment of complete health of an individual depends on the complete harmony between these Tridoshas, balance of metabolic, systemic and excretory functions, all five senses and in the mind and spirit.
Out of several principles of Ayurveda the most important and widely followed principles of Ayurveda are :
- Ritucharya or Seasonal Regimens
- Dinacharya or Daily Routine Regimens
- Ratricharya or Night Routine Regimens
- Swasthavritta or Lifestyle advocacy for maintenance of health
- Pathaya-Apathya or Compatible-Incompatible Regimens
- Achara Rasayana or Moral Science or Behavioral Regimens
If these principles or rules are followed by individuals, they can desire a long, disease free and quality life.
Today the globalization of Ayurveda has enhanced its importance worldwide and it is a unique attraction for the world. The principles of Ayurveda are being adopted globally to treat and cure several chronic disorders where the contemporary Modern sciences have limited role to play. It is knowledge base deeply rooted in the Indian pursuit of understanding the human body and its relation with nature.
At present, Ayurveda has become integral part of national health delivery systems of India. One of the key reason behind the abiding success of Ayurveda, has been its use of natively available natural herbs and materials are commonly available, in most of our homes. Their proper use can alleviate common health problems and ailments. The time is ripe to expand and propagate Ayurveda, especially in the fields, where it has stronghold. There are many such areas, where Ayurveda may be considered more beneficial than the contemporary systems of Medicines.